ASC Launches Seriola and Cobia Standard
November 1, 2016
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is pleased to announce that the Seriola and Cobia Aquaculture Dialog is complete. The final Seriola and Cobia standard is the result of more than 8 years of development by farmers, scientists, conservationists, and others with a shared vision of ending practices that can cause harm to the environment and negatively impact workers, in order to move the overall aquaculture industry towards sustainability.
“The completion of the Seriola and Cobia standard allows the ASC to get ever closer to our ultimate goal of transforming global aquaculture to a more sustainable basis,” said Chris Ninnes, CEO of ASC. “This standard is a testament to the hundreds of professionals who joined in the Dialogue and gave of their time and expertise throughout this extensive process. We are pleased to have worked with them to deliver a standard that will protect the environment and help farmers, workers, and local communities.”
“As one of the leading seafood retailers in Japan, AEON welcome the ASC Seriola and Cobia Standard,” said Kinzou Matsumoto, General Manager, Seafood Department, Food Merchandising Planning Division, AEON Retail Co., Ltd. “Both species are widely consumed in Japan, and AEON will supply this responsibly farmed seafood to a wide range of customers. This will help to familiarise them with ASC certification, and allow AEON to strengthen their commitment to sustainability and carry on Japan’s rich food traditions to the next generation.”
According to Satoshi Maekawa, Oceans and Seafood Group Officer, Conservation Division, WWF Japan, “With the great support from many stakeholders, the strong participation in the Aquaculture Dialogue and pilot audits in Japan, a robust ASC standard for Seriola and Cobia was developed. As more than 90 per cent of Seriola and Cobia production is based in Japan, ASC worked closely with other partners in the county. The experience of collaborating with many Japanese producers increased the understanding of responsible aquaculture. We believe that the introduction of this standard will lead to the further improvement of the Seriola and Cobia production and will have lasting environmental and social benefits.”
Seriola are commonly known as amberjack, yellowtail kampachi, hamachi and hiramasa. The standard was developed for both seriola and cobia because production methods for the two species are similar and the knowledge and expertise necessary to create a standard are the same.
Most Seriola is farmed in Japan, but farms can also be found in Australia, South America and the United States among many other regions. Cobia production has increased greatly in recent years and it has become an important aquaculture species in the United States, Puerto Rico, Belize and many parts of Asia.
Creating a New Standard
Each ASC standard is created in a process that is open, inclusive and transparent. As the only aquaculture scheme to be recognised as a member of the International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labelling (ISEAL) organisation, ASC’s operations meet the requirements for credible standard setting.
The Seriola and Cobia Dialogue formally began in Seattle, Washington in early 2009 with a public meeting to set the goals and objectives of the Dialogue. As the process continued, several additional public meetings were held in locations around the world, including Mexico and Japan.
Over the course of the Dialogue, participants identified the key environmental and social impacts associated with the farming of four types of seriola (S. rivoliana, S. quinqueradiata, S. dumerilli and S. lalandi) and cobia. The information was used to determine the principles most important to addressing the impacts of Seriola and Cobia farming and the indicators to measure the extent of each impact. This information provided the framework for creating measurable, performance-based standards for the responsible farming of the two species.
All reports, presentations and documents related to the Dialogue were publically posted online. The process also included multiple periods for public comment to the draft principles, criteria, indicators and full draft of the standards for seriola and cobia as each become available.
An independent assessment process
The ASC is an independent, not-for profit, certification and labelling programme created to manage the global standards for responsible aquaculture resulting from the WWF Aquaculture Dialogues. There are currently ASC standards for salmon, pangasius, tilapia, trout, bivalves, shrimp, abalone and seriola and cobia. The ASC is responsible for setting and maintaining the standards, but farms must undergo an audit to determine whether they are eligible to become certified by an independent certification and assessment body (CAB).
Auditors, and the CABs that employ them, are fully objective and not connected to the ASC.
Only CABs that have been accredited and monitored by another independent accreditation organisation, Accreditation Services International (ASI), can determine whether a farm meets the ASC standard criteria to become certified. Once the CAB has demonstrated an understanding of the ASC Farm Certification and Accreditation Requirements by undertaking a successful pilot audit, ASI will accredit the CAB. Individual auditors must also pass an exam to measure their knowledge and skill of each standard before they can assess farms against it. After accreditation, CABs are monitored by ASI to ensure they continue to operate in line with the ASC’s requirements.
The first auditor training for the new Seriola and Cobia Standard took place in Bangkok, Thailand, 24 October. Farms can now contract auditors to enter assessment.